Ivushkin Aleksandr Sergeevich, Postgraduate student, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Background. The Institute of social and economic rights has a long history of theoretical and practical understanding, both within the Anglo-American and Romanic-Germanic law traditions. However, until now it has not become the subject of a special study within the framework of national science of constitutional law. The aim of the article is by the example of the Romanic-Germanic tradition of law to analyze the significance of the institute of social and economic rights in the context of modern legal concepts of human rights is by the example of the Romanic- Germanic tradition of law.
Materials and methods. Socio-economic rights were in the focus in works of J. Bentham, J. Mill, F. Lassalle, Marx and Engels, as well as in the materials of the Weimar Constitution of 1919, the Basic Law of Germany of 1949. The methodological basis of the research included logic, historical, sociological, formal and legal, comparative legal and systematic (systemic) methods allowing to analyze the evolution of the fundamental rights and freedoms as a time-proven legal system of rights.
Results. The author carried out a comprehensive analysis of the historical evolution of the socio-economic rights of the institution and its concepts within the Anglo-American and Romanic-Germanic law tradition. The study of these concepts, gaining their foothold in the theory of the constitutional right in the leading states, allowed to allocate enforcement and federal aspects of the specificity of these institutions in the activities of the constitutional and statutory courts in the Russian Federation.
Conclusions. Socio-economic rights are not the invention of the socialist era. The Romanic-Germanic tradition of law partially connects the genesis of social and economic rights with the Socialist (F. Lassalle) and Communist ideology (Marx, Engels). The Anglo-American tradition of law, the opposite of socialism, turned to the problems of social and economic rights earlier than continental socialists.
human rights, natural rights, constitution, moral, constitutional law, legal positivism, international law.
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